A report in the documents from early March says the average time between the onset of symptoms to confirmed diagnosis was 23.3 days, which experts have told CNN would have significantly hampered steps to both monitor and combat the disease. Hi/Low, RealFeel®, precip, radar, & everything you need to be ready for the day, commute, and weekend! ... a road following heavy rainfall in Wuhan, China, on July 6, 2020. But even if they had been 100% transparent, that would not stop the Trump administration downplaying the seriousness of it. “The numbers they were giving out were conservative, and this reflects how confusing, complex and chaotic the situation was,” he added. A sprawling metropolis, Wuhan is one of China's largest industrial and transport hubs, located on the banks of the Yangtze River. Cloudflare Ray ID: 5fb8fa822b0128f2 The documents, however, are by no means clear cut. ... 32 million people in 26 provinces across China have been affected by severe flooding; ... the rain has stopped for now. Nowhere in the files is it indicated that officials believed the virus would become a global pandemic. She added the older files looked like they had been used repeatedly over a long period of time. “They’re only testing for what they know — this [coronavirus] is an unknown unknown,” said Adalja, the JHU academic, adding that such a scenario that was not uncommon, globally. That’s a really good sign [of authenticity].”. People in Wuhan, China, line up at a facility that tests discharged COVID-19 patients as well as individuals who had been held in isolation. At the same time that the virus is believed to have first emerged, the documents show another health crisis was unfolding: Hubei was dealing with a significant influenza outbreak. According to reports in Chinese state media in early February, Hubei health experts had expressed frustration with the accuracy of nucleic acid tests. The best time of year to visit Wuhan in China. However, the tests carried out at that time resulted in only a 30% to 50% positive rate, among already confirmed cases, according to officials quoted in state media. Wuhan is the city in China where the coronavirus is thought to have originated. And while there is no suggestion in the documents the two parallel crises are linked, information regarding the magnitude of Hubei’s influenza spike has still yet to be made public. According to a study published in the journal Science in May, the stringent measures adopted during those first 50 days of the pandemic likely helped break the localized chain of transmission. It is the largest city in Hubei and the most populous city in Central China, with a population of over 11 million, the ninth-most populous Chinese city and one of the nine National Central Cities of China.. Even though China has never revealed the total number of Covid-19 cases in 2019, a graph in one document appears to suggest a much higher number had been detected. It also indicated that poor levels of personal protective equipment meant that virus samples had to be made inactive before testing. Dali Yang, who has extensively studied the outbreak’s origins, said that in February numbers “still mattered because of global perceptions.”, “They were still hoping it was like 2003, and like Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) would be eventually contained, and everything can go back to normal,” added Yang, who is a professor of political science at the University of Chicago. “The order of magnitude of change means there has to be something going on,” he said. You don’t know instantaneously. That month, Hubei officials presented a daily number of “confirmed cases,” and then included later in their statements “suspected cases,” without specifying the number of seriously ill patients who had been diagnosed by doctors as being “clinically diagnosed.” Often in nationwide tolls, officials would give the daily new “confirmed” cases, and provide a running tally for the entire pandemic of “suspected cases,” also into which it seems the “clinically diagnosed” were added. The spread of this Wuhan coronavirus that has become a global pandemic, and one that is ravaging Europe, especially Italy, can be traced right back to China where it … “It’s almost like a mini file system,” she said. One of the hardest-hit provinces has been Hubei, whose capital, Wuhan, also had the first emergence of the coronavirus last year. There is one mention of sub-par facilities at a bacterial and toxic species preservation center, though the point is not elaborated on, nor is its significance made clear. “I think that’s also the (wishful) impression that Trump got — that this is going to disappear.”. Health experts said the documents laid bare why what China knew in the early months mattered. Theoretically, the system was supposed to enable regional hospitals and CDCs to directly report infectious diseases to a centrally managed system. William Schaffner, professor of infectious diseases at Vanderbilt University, said the Chinese approach was conservative, and the data “would have been presented in a different way had US epidemiologists been there to assist.”, He said Chinese officials “seemed actually to minimize the impact of the epidemic at any moment in time. From a secure room about 1,200 kilometers (745 miles) from the epicenter, Xi expressed his condolences to those who have died in the outbreak. “Those people were seeking care in hospitals, increasing the chances of COVID infection there,” he said. More than a month before the first cases are believed to have emerged, the review continues to urge the health authorities to “rigorously find the weak link in the work of disease control, actively analyze and make up for the shortcomings.”. The CDC internal report complains over an absence of operational funding from the Hubei provincial government and notes the staffing budget is 29% short of its annual target. Completing the CAPTCHA proves you are a human and gives you temporary access to the web property. Foreign journalists have been invited on an official tour to report on Wuhan's efforts to rebuild its economy after the months-long trauma of COVID-19. Winter in Wuhan is very cold and although the temperature is not as low as in some northern cities, the wind-chill from river winds and the high humidity makes it feel ten degrees colder, temperatures can drop to -5°C but heavy snowfall is uncommon. To date, the clearest indication of how many cases were detected in 2019 is the 44 “cases of pneumonia of unknown etiology (unknown cause)” that Chinese authorities reported to the WHO for the period of the pandemic up to January 3, 2020. The reports show that in the early stages of the pandemic, China faced the same problems of accounting, testing, and diagnosis that still haunt many Western democracies even now — issues compounded by Hubei encountering an entirely new virus. It is February 10 in Beijing and President Xi Jinping, who for weeks has been absent from public view, is addressing hospital staff in the city of Wuhan as they battle to contain the spread of a still officially unnamed novel coronavirus. These maps, which compare NO2 values over Wuhan, China, from January 1-20, 2020, and February 10-25 with the same period in 2019, show … If you are at an office or shared network, you can ask the network administrator to run a scan across the network looking for misconfigured or infected devices. and Berkeley Rep (Mary Zimmerman!) Other, yet graver issues noted in the documents were raised by health experts. Canada takes the weekend off in a time notorious for strong storms. His condition quickly worsened and in the early morning of February 7 he died, resulting in almost unprecedented levels of anger and outrage across mainland China’s heavily censored internet. The death toll and number of people infected by the virus, now known to the world as Covid-19 and impacting the lives across the planet, continues to grow, day on day. You may need to download version 2.0 now from the Chrome Web Store. “You are giving them all the options there without putting somebody in an explicitly embarrassing position — giving them both the anvil or the life-raft to then choose from.”. Li, 34, later contracted the disease. The internal number is divided into subcategories, providing an insight into the full scope of Hubei’s diagnosis methodology at the time. Performance & security by Cloudflare, Please complete the security check to access. Xi’s highly public intervention, which came just days after Wuhan was placed under lockdown, carried with it a clear message: Failure is not an option. One of the more striking data points concerns the slowness with which local Covid-19 patients were diagnosed. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! At a news conference on June 7, China’s State Council released a White Paper saying the Chinese government had always published information related to the epidemic in a “timely, open and transparent fashion.”. Digital forensic analysis was also performed to test their computer code against their purported origins. Hubei, which lags far behind Beijing, Shanghai and other major Chinese administrative divisions in terms of GDP per capita, was the first region to confront a virus that would go on to confound many of the world’s most powerful countries. However, experts cautioned that this did not necessarily indicate that the unknown test results were in fact undetected coronavirus cases. In February, however, it was a different story. It remains unclear what impact or connection the influenza spike had on the Covid-19 outbreak. This would then allow the data to be shared instantly with CDCs and relevant health departments nationwide. According to Huang, from the Council on Foreign Relations, the report belies China’s claim to have massively invested in disease control and prevention after the 2003 SARS outbreak. Wuhan, sprawled in the subtropical moist monsoon climate zone, has abundant rainfall and four distinct seasons. The influenza “epidemic,” as officials noted in the document, was not only present in Wuhan in December, but was greatest in the neighboring cities of Yichang and Xianning. But 23 days is a long time.”. To cope with the high volume, officials decided to begin incorporating other clinical diagnosis methods, such as CT scans. Thu 03/12 The Wuhan files: China document leak shows…, Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window), Santa Clara County reports COVID outbreak at juvenile hall, youth ranch, The Wuhan files: China document leak shows flawed pandemic response, State lawmakers demand hearings over EDD prison fraud, ACT (Scrooge!) “That adds another layer of understanding as to why some of the numbers that came out from the higher levels of government probably were off,” said Schaffner from Vanderbilt University. The documents do not elaborate further. Ancient human species may have gone extinct because of climate change. Protocols for coronavirus diagnosis, published by China’s National Health Commission in late January, told doctors to label a case “suspected” if a patient had contact history with known cases, and a fever and pneumonia symptoms, and to elevate the case to “clinically diagnosed” if those symptoms were confirmed by an X-ray or CT scan. London — A group of frontline medical workers, likely exhausted, stand huddled together on a video-conference call as China’s most powerful man raises his hand in greeting. They say Wuhan belongs to one of the three ovens in China. State media reported their punishment and warned public against rumour mongering. They were overwhelmed. Their deaths were not public at the time, and were highly sensitive, given the volume of sympathy over-worked health care staff, on the frontline of the pandemic, were getting on social media at the time. The persistent delay would likely have made it much harder to direct public health interventions, said Dr. Amesh Adalja, at Johns Hopkins Center for Health Security. Santa Clara County reports COVID outbreak at juvenile hall, youth ranch We’re always looking for the horses, but never the zebras.”. As case numbers soared nationwide, government officials were facing a potential crisis of legitimacy, with public opinion fast turning against the ruling Communist Party over its perceived mishandling of the deadly new disease. Several areas of Hubei, of which Wuhan is the capital, have already flooded. He pointed to the February 7 call between presidents Trump and Xi. In the bottom left hand column of the graph marked 2019 the number of “confirmed cases” and “clinically diagnosed” cases appears to reach around 200 altogether. Using sophisticated surveillance tools, government officials enforced strict lockdowns across the country, largely restricting more than 700 million people to their homes, while sealing national borders and carrying out widespread testing and contract tracing. You can never guarantee 100% transparency. 6 miles and an atmospheric pressure of 1029 mb. It would probably not have stopped this developing into a pandemic.”. CNN has reached out to China’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and National Health Commission, as well as Hubei’s Health Commission, which oversees the provincial CDC, for comment on the findings disclosed in the documents, but received no response. In order to avoid “false negative” results, health officials began to test suspected cases repeatedly. During the last 30 years, analysts say, many in China have appeared willing to relinquish political freedoms in return for increased material wealth, social stability and greater opportunities. “So, it’s got lots of room for deleted stuff, for old things. Though the magnitude of the Hubei flu spike has not been previously reported, it is difficult to draw any hard conclusions, especially in regard to the potential prevalence of previously undetected Covid-19. The Wuhan CDC later conducted retrospective research into influenza cases dated as early as October 2019 in two Wuhan hospitals, in an attempt to look for traces of coronavirus. Mertha, the China expert from JHU, said the spike in Yichang, while not connected to Covid-19 in the documents, could nonetheless open up new theories about where the virus began. streaming holiday shows. On two occasions, the public death numbers are narrowly over reported, with the internal figures indicating single-digit discrepancies of five and one, respectively. On March 7, the total death toll in Hubei since the beginning of the outbreak stood at 2,986, but in the internal report it is listed as 3,456, including 2,675 confirmed deaths, 647 “clinically diagnosed” deaths, and 126 “suspected” case deaths. To include patients who were suspected of having the infection obviously would have expanded the size of outbreak and would have given, I think, a truer appreciation of the nature of the infection and its size.”. China’s leaders were the first to confront the virus, implementing a raft of draconian restrictions beginning in late January intended to curb the spread of the outbreak. They said they worked inside the Chinese healthcare system, and were a patriot motivated to expose a truth that had been censored, and honor colleagues who had also spoken out. “We’re just not that great at diagnosing them. The documents, which cover an incomplete period between October 2019 and April this year, reveal what appears to be an inflexible health care system constrained by top-down bureaucracy and rigid procedures that were ill-equipped to deal with the emerging crisis. Testing was inaccurate from the start, the documents said, and led to a reporting system with weeks long delays in diagnosing new cases. • While the influenza spike and the emergence of Covid-19 are not linked in the documents or by other evidence, data pinpointing a flu-like outbreak in multiple cities in Hubei will likely be of interest to those researching the origins of the disease. “You’re looking at data that’s three weeks old and trying to make a decision for today,” he said. “These had global consequences. In a report marked “internal document, please keep confidential,” local health authorities in the province of Hubei, where the virus was first detected, list a total of 5,918 newly detected cases on February 10, more than double the official public number of confirmed cases, breaking down the total into a variety of subcategories. The files were presented to CNN by a whistleblower who requested anonymity. But, so far, access for international experts to hospital medial records and raw data in Hubei has been limited, with the WHO saying last week they had “reassurances from our Chinese government colleagues that a trip to the field” would be granted as part of their investigation. The strict and limiting criteria led ultimately to misleading figures, said analysts. However, though the documents provide no evidence of a deliberate attempt to obfuscate findings, they do reveal numerous inconsistencies in what authorities believed to be happening and what was revealed to the public. Public data shows a nationwide spike in influenza in December. The Chinese government has previously pointed to the Huanan seafood market in Wuhan as the likely initial epicenter of the outbreak in mid-December, where meat of exotic wild animals was sold. Even though China has never revealed the total number of Covid-19 cases in 2019, a graph in one document appears to suggest a much higher number had been detected. It will be mostly dry with little or no precipitation and cloud covering 91% of the sky, the humidity will be around 72%. The report characterizes the Hubei CDC as underfunded, lacking the right testing equipment, and with unmotivated staff who were often felt ignored in China’s vast bureaucracy. Filed under china , … Another way to prevent getting this page in the future is to use Privacy Pass. Getty Images But Wuhan’s recovery has also become a propaganda tussle. The Guanyinge temple, a 700-year old temple built on a rock, in the swollen Yangtze River in Wuhan in China's central Hubei province. On January 10, one of the documents reveals how during an audit of testing facilities, officials reported that the SARS testing kits that were being used to diagnose the new virus were ineffective, regularly giving false negatives. Tuesday, December 1, marks one year since the first known patient showed symptoms of the disease in the Hubei provincial capital of Wuhan, according to a key study in the Lancet medical journal. He urged greater public communication, as around the world concerns mounted about the potential threat posed by the new disease. Spring and Autumn each last for almost 60 days. Yet that claim has been at least partially challenged by a Lancet study of the first December patients, which determined one third of the 41 infected that month had no direct connection to that market. “They had a massive run on the medical system. On February 10, when China reported 2,478 new confirmed cases nationwide, the documents show Hubei actually circulated a different total of 5,918 newly reported cases. “China had an image to protect internationally, and lower-ranking officials had a clear incentive to under-report — or to show their superiors that they were under-reporting — to outside eyes,” he said. Try to imagine what that's like. That same day, Chinese authorities reported 2,478 new confirmed cases — raising the total global number to more than 40,000, with fewer than 400 cases occurring outside of mainland China. “It was clear they did make mistakes — and not just mistakes that happen when you’re dealing with a novel virus — also bureaucratic and politically-motivated errors in how they handled it,” said Yanzhong Huang, a senior fellow for global health at the Council on Foreign Relations, who has written extensively on public health in China. Dr. Anthony Fauci, who heads the National Institutes of Health, had previously backed funding for a controversial lab in Wuhan, China that has been … In late January, Xi, China’s most powerful leader in decades, publicly ordered “all-out efforts” to contain the virus’ spread. Notably, the outbreak that week is not felt most severely in Wuhan — the epicenter of the coronavirus outbreak — but in the nearby cities of Yichang, with 6,135 cases, and Xianning, with 2,148 cases. Related Articles The influenza data also points to the influenza outbreak being worst in Yichang. Wuhan has declared a red alert for flooding after the former coronavirus ground zero has been battered by torrential downpours. Residents drink during the Wuhan Beer Festival on August 21, 2020 in Wuhan, Hubei, China. The documents offer no indication that authorities in Beijing were directing the local decision-making process. State lawmakers demand hearings over EDD prison fraud The spike, which occurred in the week beginning December 2, saw cases rise by approximately 2,059% compared to the same week the year before, according to the internal data. There are no bans in place on large gatherings. • and Berkeley Rep (Mary Zimmerman!) Top health and provincial officials in Hubei were also removed from their positions at that time, who would have been ultimately responsible for the reporting. In the first months of the outbreak, the average time required to process a case — from the patient experiencing symptoms (onset) to being confirmed diagnosed was 23.3 days. Weather Underground provides local & long-range weather forecasts, weatherreports, maps & tropical weather conditions for the Wuhan area. “While making an all-out effort to contain the virus, China has also acted with a keen sense of responsibility to humanity, its people, posterity, and the international community. ACT (Scrooge!) Rather than taking a lead, the report suggests CDC staff were resigned to “passively” completing the task issued by superiors. streaming holiday shows The-CNN-Wire Back in January, high temperatures in Wuhan were in the 40s. Sarah Morris, from the Digital Forensics Unit at Britain’s Cranfield University, said there was no evidence the data had been tampered with or was misleading. It is not clear to what extent the central government was aware of the actions taking place in Hubei at that time, or how much information was being shared and with whom. Wuhan Weather Forecasts. In late December, a young doctor named Li Wenliang in one of Wuhan’s main hospitals, was among other medical workers summoned by local authorities and later received formal “reprimand” from the police for attempting to raise the alarm about a potential “SARS-like” virus. The notion of an impending pandemic seemed to many like an abstract distraction, as people returned home to spend time with their families. When God speaks, the wise listens. The leaked revelations come as pressure builds from the US and the European Union on China to fully cooperate with a World Health Organization inquiry into the origins of the virus that has since spread to every corner of the globe, infecting more than 60 million people and killing 1.46 million. It is unclear how the documents were obtained or why specific papers were selected. Tuesday marks exactly 12 months since the first patient in Wuhan started showing symptoms, according to the Lancet study. The documents also reveal a previously undisclosed a 20-fold spike in influenza cases recorded in one week in early December in Hubei province. The temperature rarely drops below freezing and it snows occasionally. At the time, China was celebrating the Lunar New Year holiday, its most important annual holiday. Yet more than four months after the virus was first identified, major issues continued to hamper disease control efforts in key areas, the documents show. A case would only be “confirmed” if polymerase chain reaction (PCR) or genetic sequencing tests came back positive. Experts said that meant most of the daily figures that informed the government response risked being inaccurate or dated. This was confirmed by citizens of the country . San Jose State has a kickoff time Saturday, but where are the Spartans practicing? All rights reserved. After the outbreak, Chinese officials swiftly moved to assess the problems. This discrepancy was likely due to a combination of a highly dysfunctional reporting system and a recurrent instinct to suppress bad news, said analysts. The daytime temperature is going to reach 12 °c and the temperature is going to dip to 8 °c at night. This larger figure was never fully revealed at that time, as China’s accounting system seemed, in the tumult of the early weeks of the pandemic, to downplay the severity of the outbreak. That same day, Hubei publicly reported just 93 virus deaths. The documents show that testing carried out on the influenza patients return a high number of unknown results. On other occasions, the data provides glimpses of new information but without vital context. Metadata from the files seen by CNN contains the names of serving CDC officials as modifiers and authors. Get Morning Report and other email newsletters. It has long been considered the economic engine of … But Wuhan has not had a local coronavirus case since mid-May, and about 9.9 million people in the city have been tested for the virus. Yichang, 320 kilometers (198 miles) west of Wuhan, was hit hardest by the influenza outbreak — almost three times as many as Wuhan in the same week beginning December 2. Weather. But as I … “A lot of the suspected cases there should have been included with the confirmed cases,” said Huang, from the Council on Foreign Relations, who reviewed the documents and found them to be authentic. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. China and its healthcare workers were under immense strain as the outbreak took hold, said Yang, from the Council of Foreign Relations. All Access Digital offer for just 99 cents! Wuhan was the third worst hit with 2,032 new cases that week. According to Mertha, the documents, which he reviewed and considered authentic, seemed to be organized so as to allow senior officials to paint whatever picture they wished. Multiple experts described the time lag as extraordinary, even when factoring in the initial difficulties faced by authorities. Yet CNN can now reveal how official documents circulated internally show that this was only part of the picture. ... “Wuhan is the safest place in China… Streaming movie picks: David Fincher’s ‘Mank’ one of 2020’s best films. Wuhan has had just four confirmed cases of the novel coronavirus since May, when the city tested its entire population in the space of two weeks. The documents show health care officials had no comprehension as to the magnitude of the impending disaster. These documents show the full extent of what officials knew, but chose not to spell out to the public. People who live there have been under lockdown for more than 50 days. The previously undisclosed figure is among a string of revelations contained within 117 pages of leaked documents from the Hubei Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention, shared with and verified by CNN. At several critical moments in the early phase of the pandemic, the documents show evidence of clear missteps and point to a pattern of institutional failings. Feature China/Barcroft Media via … A European security official with knowledge of Chinese internal documents and procedures also confirmed to CNN that the files were genuine. China flooding: Wuhan on red alert for further rain. Torrential rain in Jingmen flooded shops and supermarkets. Taken together, the documents amount to the most significant leak from inside China since the beginning of the pandemic and provide the first clear window into what local authorities knew internally and when. Helen Hai, … If you are on a personal connection, like at home, you can run an anti-virus scan on your device to make sure it is not infected with malware. Wuhan (simplified Chinese: 武汉; traditional Chinese: 武漢, ()) is the capital of Hubei Province in the People's Republic of China. The number of reported cases and deaths in China’s major cities outside Wuhan have been far lower than the numbers in many European and American cities, but China … Pandemic: Swamped hospitals scramble to hire staff, Coronavirus: Santa Clara County hospitals nearing capacity, Theranos founder Holmes’ trial to go ahead with socially distanced jury: judge. Chinese state media have cited the presence of the novel coronavirus on imported frozen food packaging, as well as scientific papers, claiming that the coronavirus was circulating in Europe earlier than previously believed, as evidence that China may not have been its origin. Officials were also faced with a lumbering and unresponsive IT network, known as the China Infectious Disease Direct Reporting System, according to state media, installed at cost of $167 million after the 2003 SARS outbreak. “In the United States, Britain, France and Germany, there’s always a lag. Your IP: Death tolls listed in the documents reveal the starkest discrepancies. By early February, laboratories in Hubei had capacity to test more than 10,000 people a day, according to state media reports. Rain Falls At Wuhan In China After TB Joshua’s Prophecy. Nucleic acid tests work by detecting the virus’ genetic code, and were thought to be more effective at detecting the infection, particularly in the early stages. Experts, however, note the rise in influenza cases, while not unique to Hubei, would have complicated the task of officials on the lookout for new dangerous viruses. Over the last five days, the high temperatures have been 73, 66, 75 and 74.
2020 has it been raining in wuhan china